OFFICIAL NAME: Belu’u er a Belau (Republic of Palau)
CAPITAL CITY: Koror
POPULATION: 20000 (2005)
AREA: 488 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Palauan, English, others
RELIGION: Catholics 38%, Protestants 25%, Indigenous religions 27%, others 10%
COIN: US dollars
CURRENCY CODE: USD
ENGLISH NAME: Palau
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Palauans 75%, Filipinos 16%, Chinese 3%, others 6%
GDP PER residents: $ 5800 (2005)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 67 years, women 75 years (2005)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: –
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: –
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .pw
Palau, Belau, archipelago and independent republic of the western Pacific. By far the largest island is Babelthuap, while the largest town of Koror is located on a small island just south of it. The famous Rock Islands are protected and have almost cult status among scuba divers. Palau is characterized by the long and continued association with the United States with a significant focus on tourism. Both the economy and employment are dominated by the public sector; since independence, this and political life have been marked by several scandals. Local business is weakly developed; Palau’s fishing waters are exploited by Taiwanese fishermen and, despite favorable cultivation opportunities, a large part of the food supply is imported.
- Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Palau? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.
The flag was officially adopted in 1981. The blue color symbolizes the end of the foreign administration of the country. The yellow disc stands for the Moon, which as a symbol brings light to the nation’s unity and common destiny.
The traditional art especially includes wood carving, tattooing and jewelry making, including glass beads and the like, called “palaupenge”. Most decorated were the meeting houses (bai), which are only rarely built today. The carved and painted gable decorations are still made, to tourists, and illustrates local events and myths, often related to the sea.
The first settlements in Palau took place approximately 2500 BC The traditional society was divided into loosely united political units that were matrilinearly organized and had a strong social stratification. Archaeological excavations have shown that agriculture has been practiced on extensive terraces, and suggests that there have been trade relations with SEA-Asia as early as 200 BC. The Palau Islands were under Spanish control from the mid-1500’s until Germany bought them in 1899. Japan conquered the islands in 1914, but lost them in 1944 to the United States, which by agreement with the UN in 1947 ruled Palau as part of the Micronesian guardianship area.. In 1965, the Micronesian Congress was established, giving the people of the area political participation, but it was not until 1981 that Palau became an independent republic. An agreement on a free union with the United States was rejected in a series of referendums in Palau, especially because the United States would not respect Palau’s desire to be nuclear-weapon-free. In 1994, the federation was finally approved after the eighth referendum, and Palau became a member of the UN.