General travel information for the Philippines
Geographical location: Southeast Asia, archipelago in the West Pacific
Highest elevation: Mount Apo (2953 m above sea level)
Longest river: Agusan (350 km)
Form of government: Republic System of
Government: Presidential democracy
Languages: Filipino, English
Neighboring countries: Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia
Area: Approx. 343,500 km²
Residents: Approx. 106,512,000 people (2018)
Population density: Approx. 294 residents per km²
Religions: Over 80% Catholics, approx. 5% Muslims, approx. 3% Lutherans, approx. 2.3% Iglesia ni Cristo, approx. 2% Independent Philippine Church, under 1% Seventh-day Adventists, United Church of Christ, Witnesses Jehovah’s
Currency: Philippine Peso (PHP); 1 euro is about 57.8 PHP. Travel
Climate: Tropical to subtropical
Time zone: UTC + 8
Area code: +63
Country code: PH, PHL, 608
Electricity: In the Philippines, the type A, B and C sockets are used. The mains voltage is 220 V at 60 Hz (West Japan 60 Hz) change interval. A travel plug adapter is an advantage.
Travel climate in the Philippines
The climate of the Philippines is mainly characterized by its proximity to the sea and can usually be described as tropical and in the higher regions of the mountains as subtropical. Occasionally snow even falls on Pulag Mountain in the cold seasons. The average annual temperature in the Philippines is given as 26.5 ° C.
Typhoons and tropical storms occur in the Philippines year round. The northern and eastern part of the archipelago is regularly hit by typhoons, some of which are violent, especially in the months of July to September, while the rest of the archipelago is covered with sometimes violent tropical storms throughout the year, which sometimes cause large amounts of rain to fall over the land masses.
Therefore, the annual amounts of precipitation are very different. It rains least in the region around General Santos with 965 mm per year and most in the region around Infanta and in the central and eastern parts of the island of Luzon with over 4,000 mm.
The Philippines are considered to be one of the countries that will be hardest hit by the effects of anthropogenic climate change.
Culture and attractions in the Philippines
The Philippines were largely cut off from the cultural developments on the mainland and the islands of Southeast Asia from the early Middle Ages to modern times. The Hindu and Buddhist empires, which have been important in the region since the first centuries AD, did not exert any cultural influence on the Philippines.
However, from earlier times there are multiple cultural connections between the Philippine Islands and the rest of Southeast Asia. This includes forms of house building, the cultivation of wet rice, ritual contact with ancestral spirits, the consumption of betel and the use of bamboo in the household and for musical instruments. When the first Spaniards arrived, the Philippines still had a rich tradition of instrumental and vocal music. The oldest Filipino music tradition is cultivated in the north by the indigenous Igorot and related peoples in the Cordilleras of Luzon. The musical instruments used for entertainment are made almost entirely of bamboo.
What is commonly understood as Filipino culture today is the culture of the Christian lowland majority who were under Spanish rule. The highland residents as well as Filipino Muslims and Filipino Chinese differ in their manners and customs in some cases considerably from the majority society. Otherwise, American influence can be felt everywhere in the Philippines, even if it was not as profound as the influence of more than three hundred years of Spanish colonial rule and Catholicism.
In pre-Hispanic times, many Hindu and Buddhist elements came to the Philippines as the Philippines was under the influence of the Sri Vijaya and Majapahit empires. As a result of the 333 years of colonization by the Spaniards, many Spanish and Mexican traditions also flowed into the culture, and after 1898 American influences also came to the island. About 60% of Filipino traditions and customs have their origins in pre-Hispanic times despite centuries of foreign rule.
Many festivals are celebrated in the Philippines every year, including the Barrio Fiesta and Fiesta de Sandugo. Each area has its own festivals, often celebrated with parades and fireworks in honor of the local saint (s). An important festival is Flores de Mayo (May flowers), which celebrates the end of the hot dry season and the beginning of the rainy season, an important time for agriculture. Other local festivals are the Ati Atihan Festival in Kalibo, Aklan, which celebrates the conquest of the island and the displacement of the Negrito or Ati tribes; the Santo Nino (Christ Child) festival in Cebu, at which the Christianization of the island is celebrated; or the Penafrancia festival in Bikol, where large river processions take place. Another big week-long festival is the Kadayawan in Davao City.
Important cultural sights in the Philippines belong to the world cultural heritage, such as the baroque churches on the islands of San Agustin and in the Spanish city fortress Intramuros and in Paoay and Miagao. The historic Spanish old town of Vigan is largely unknown. Historically significant sacred buildings are the Cathedral of Malolos and the Cathedral of Manila. The only church building in Asia with a façade made entirely of steel in the neo-Gothic style is the Basílica de San Sebastián. One of the few buildings in Asia built in the Art Deco style is the Manila Metropolitan Theater building. The Rizal Park is also of great national importance. Outside of Manila, the Baroque church in Daraga, built in 1773, is located on a mountain hill in the municipality of Daraga,
There are still numerous Spanish fortresses in the Philippines, some of which are well preserved. In Cebu City, the Daoist temple is one of the architectural gems.
The Philippines also has many sights and natural beauties to offer in terms of landscape.
Luzon is home to the famous Banaue and Batad rice terraces, as well as the Pinatubo, Taal and Mayon volcanoes (which many consider to be the most beautiful volcano in the world, as it rises as a near-perfect cone from a flat plain). About two hours from Manila in the Laguna province are the famous Pagsanjan waterfalls. Also noteworthy are the many beautiful beaches that line the coasts of the Philippines.
The Chocolate Hills, which are located on the island of Bohol and are reminiscent of Toblerone chocolate in their shape, have been declared a National Natural Monument. A total of 1268 mounds of this shape have been counted in the area.
Holidays in the Philippines
The Islamic holidays are based on the Islamic lunar calendar and therefore have no fixed annual dates
|Jan. 1||New Year|
|Jan. 23||First Philippine Republic Day|
|Jan./Feb.||Chinese new year|
|Feb 25||Anniversary of the EDSA revolution|
|Apr 9||Day of valor|
|In Apr||Good Friday|
|1st of May||Labor Day|
|12th of June||Independence day|
|21 Aug||Ninoy Aquino day|
|31 Aug||National Heroes Day|
|3rd Sept||Yamashita surrendered|
|Sept 8||Mary’s bir|
|Nov 1||All Saints Day|
|Nov 2||All Souls|
|Nov 30||Bonifacio day|
|Dec 8||Feast of the Immaculate Conception|
|Dec. 24||Christmas eve|
|Dec 28..||Rizal day|
|Dec 30||New Year’s Eve|
Medical Notes for the Philippines
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for the Philippines and therefore refer to the information provided by the Federal Foreign Office, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health.
Mission abroad in the Philippines
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Manila
There are other honorary consulates in Cebu, Davao and Koror (Palau)
District / Consular District: Republic of the Philippines, Republic of Palau, Republic of Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia
Street Address: 25 / F Tower 2, RCBC Plaza, 6819 Ayala Ave (cor.Sen. Gil Puyat Ave.), 1200 Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Postal address: German Embassy Manila, PO Box 2190, Makati Central Post Office, 1261 Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Telephone: + 63-2 8702 3000, for emergencies + 63-917 867 3000
Fax: + 63-2 8702 3015
E-Mail: Contact form
Website: http://www.manila.diplo.de Official
languages in the host country: Filipino, English
Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in Berlin
(there are other honorary consulates in Essen, Frankfurt am Main, Stuttgart and Pullach near Munich)
Street address: Luisenstraße 16
Postal address: Luisenstraße 16, 10117 Berlin
Telephone: 030 864 95 00
Fax: 030 873 25 51
E-Mail: [email protected]