Romania is the seventh country in the European Union according to its population, the ninth according to its area and the second in Eastern Europe. It has a privileged geographical location that favors trade. The Danube River is part of the southern border of the country. Bucharest is the capital city of Romania according to itypejob.
It is located in southeastern Europe, Romania has an area of 237,000 km 2 (almost half the size of Spain). It borders Ukraine to the North, Moldova to the East, Hungary to the West and Serbia and Bulgaria to the South and Southeast, it borders 225km of Black Sea coastline.
With 22 million residents, Romania is the seventh country in the European Union according to its population, the ninth according to its area and the second in Eastern Europe. The country is divided into three main regions: the TransylvanianPlateau, in the center of the country; the Carpathians that surround the central plateau and extend towards the North and the South and the lowlands of the West and East (delta of the Danube). The Danube River, which serves as the border with Bulgaria, being navigable, offers Romania an important transport route while also being a fundamental source of hydroelectric energy.
It has a typical humid continental climate, although notably more temperate than the countries to its west, and with certain Mediterranean nuances. This milder climate is mainly due to the moderating influence of the Black Sea. The centers of action that operate in Romania are the polar front, which brings masses of maritime polar air, although remarkably dry, after crossing the entire continent from the Atlantic, the Siberian anticyclone, which brings very cold and dry continental polar air masses and that reaches the country in its maximum winter extension. It is also affected by the thermal anticyclones that settle in the center of the continent in winter, and the polar front brings air masses from the Mediterranean and the Adriatic, warmer than those arriving from the Atlantic. Finally,
Flora and fauna
In the plains of Wallachia and Moldavia the wooded steppe predominates, today very thinned by agriculture. Fruit trees are common in the areas at the foot of the mountains. The forests on the gentler slopes are made up of deciduous tree species such as birch, beech, and oak. Conifers predominate in the higher areas of the mountains, especially pines and spruces. Above 1750 m, approximately, the flora is alpine.
Animal life is abundant in many parts of the country. The largest species, mainly present in the Carpathians, are wild boar, wolf, lynx, fox, bear, chamois, roe deer and mountain goat. In the plains the characteristic animals are squirrels, hares, badgers and polecats. Many species of birds abound; the Danube Delta region (today, in part, a nature reserve) is a stopping point for migratory birds. Among the fish that can be found in rivers and coasts are pike, sturgeon, carp, herring, salmon, perch and eel.
Romania is a poor country within the European Union, but with a medium-high economy worldwide. Its Human Development Index is 0.825. Agriculture is an economically relevant sector, not so much because of its contribution to GDP, but because of the number of families that obtain their income from agricultural tasks. Although at present almost all production is dedicated to the market, there are still traces of agriculture for self-consumption. Romania is one of the granaries of Europe, as cereals are the essential product of Romanian agriculture. Corn is the cereal that occupies the most surface. Wheat is dedicated, to a large extent, to export. The main cereal growing regions are Wallachia and Moldova. Wheat occupies the plains while maize is a crop of the hills and low mountains. There are also important crops of rice and barley, as well as other horticultural products, especially in Transylvania, where tubers are highly developed, as well as fruit trees. Industrial crops are also widespread: sugar beet, in Moldova, tobacco in Wallachia, etc.
The culture is very rich and diverse, since as many consider it a meeting point between three regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe and the Balkan Peninsula. The Romanian identity was formed on the basis of two cultures, the Roman and the Dacian, combined with other influences. During the Middle Ages, the Romanians were influenced by the Slavic, Greek and Byzantine Empire peoples, by the Ottoman Turks, and to a lesser extent by the Hungarians. The Golden Age: The First Half of the 20th Century It is considered by many as the “golden age” of Romanian culture, it was a period in which culture reached an international level and had a strong connection with the main European cultural trends.
The Christian holidays of Christmas and Easter are celebrated in Romania. The other official holidays are New Years, Labor Day (May 1), and Romanian National Day, which is celebrated on December 1. Other important festivals are Martisor (March 1), which marks the beginning of spring, “Baba Dochia”, or “Dragobete” (February 24), Valentine’s Day. International Women’s Day is also celebrated, recently they have begun to celebrate Valentine’s Day and Halloween. Another celebrated date is January 24 since it is commemorated when in 1859 the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia were united. On November 30 It is celebrated on the day of the Apostle Andrew, the protector of Romania, since it is considered that he was the first one he baptized in the lands of present-day Romania.
Education in Romania is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 15. Most students choose to continue their education starting at the age of 16. In Romania there are practically no illiterates, since the educational system has a lot to do with practical and technical studies. With regard to tertiary studies, the country has seven universities, among which the University of Bucharest and the University of Cluj-Napoca stand out. In addition, it has four polytechnic universities.