General travel information for Romania
Geographical location: Southeast Europe, north of the Balkans, located in the northern hemisphere
Highest elevation: Moldoveanu (2544 m above sea level)
Longest river: Danube (1300 km)
Form of government: Republic
System of government: Semi-presidential system of government
Languages: Romanian, Hungarian
Neighboring countries: Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria
Area: Approx. 238,400 km²
Residents: Approx. 19.5 million people (2018)
Population density: 84 residents per km²
Religions: Approx. 98% followers of Christianity (86% Romanian Orthodox Church, 6.7% Protestants, 5.6% Catholics) approx. 0.3% Muslims, 0.1% Jews
Currency: Romanian New Leu, 1 EUR is approx 4.8 RON;
Travel climate: moderate climate in the area of the west wind
Time zone: UTC + 2
Area code: +40
Country code: RO, ROU, 642
Electricity: In Romania, as in Germany, the sockets of the type C and F used. The mains voltage is 230V with a 50Hz change interval.
Travel climate in Romania
Romania lies within the temperate climatic zone, which is influenced by Atlantic westerly winds. However, the Carpathian Arc forms a natural barrier that prevents the Atlantic air masses from spreading to the east and south of Romania. Therefore, the Moldova region, east of the Carpathian Mountains, already has a continental climate with cold air currents from the Ukraine, while Transylvania, west of the Carpathian Arc, is still characterized by the oceanic climate of the Atlantic winds. South of the Carpathians, in Wallachia and even more so in the Dobruja region, Mediterranean climatic influences are decisive.
Due to these climatic differences and also due to the different altitudes, the annual average temperatures within Romania vary between 11 ° C in the south and 8 ° C in the north, with the coldest month usually being January and the warmest month being July. The average winter temperatures are 0 ° C on the Black Sea and −15 ° C in the high mountains, while in summer the average temperatures in the lower regions of the country rise to more than 25 ° C, with maximum values of over 40 ° C.
Precipitation is strongest in the north-west of Romania and decreases towards the south-east. In the high altitudes of the Carpathians, annual precipitation amounts of up to 1000 mm are measured, while on the Black Sea coast only 300–400 mm fall per year. For this, up to 2300 hours of sunshine a year are counted on the sea beaches.
Culture and sights in Romania
Due to the border location of Romania between the Western European Occident and the Orient as well as the pronounced geographical differences between the various cultural landscapes, the Romanian culture, like the culture of the neighboring Republic of Moldova, is a creative synthesis of the cultural heritage of numerous ethnic and religious minorities and characterizes it Both in their various historical manifestations and in their current structure, they are characterized by a diversity that is unique in Europe.
In Romania, for example, Greek, Slavic, Hungarian, Turkish, Macedonian and other musical traditions, together with the actual Romanian elements, have developed into an extraordinarily rich variety of styles over the centuries. Traditionally frequently used instruments are the cymbal, violin, accordion, bass violin and clarinet, some of which are played with amazing virtuosity even in everyday performances.
Of the cultural monuments in Romania, after the turn of 1989, the Moldavian monasteries with exterior paintings, the Horezu monastery, the fortified churches in Transylvania, the old town of Sighişoara, the Dacian fortress in the Orăşties mountains and the wooden churches in the Maramureş were added to the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage. The Black Church in Kronstadt (Brașov) is the easternmost Gothic cathedral in Europe and at the same time the most important Gothic church building in Southeast Europe. The Parliament Palace in Bucharest, built in the neoclassical style, is the largest building in Europe and one of the largest in the world. In 2007 Sibiu was the cultural capital of Europe with the historical city wall, the Brukenthal-Palais, the Blauer Stadthaus, the town hall and the Haus der Künste.
Romanian literature has produced some great writers, playwrights and poets such as Mircea Cărtărescu, Eugène Ionesco, Matei Vișniec, Tristan Tzara and Mircea Dinescu.
In addition to the numerous cultural monuments of Romania, the impressive natural landscapes are of course one of the highlights of a trip to Romania. Many of these unique natural monuments, such as the mountainous landscapes of the Carpathian Mountains and the Apuseni Mountains or the Danube Delta, can be found in the Romanian national parks.
Public holidays with a fixed date in Romania
Jan 1st New Year
Jan 2nd Day after New Year
Jan 24th Unification Day
May 1st Labor Day
Jun 1st Children’s Day
Aug 15th Assumption Day
Nov 30th St. Andrew’s Night
Dec 1st National Holiday
Dec 25th Boxing Day
26 Dec. Boxing Day
Medical information for Romania
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Romania and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health
Travel advice for Romania
You can obtain current travel and safety advice, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Romania from the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Foreign mission in Romania
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Bucharest (there are other honorary consulates in Sibiu and Timisoara)
Administrative district / consular district: Romania
Street address: Strada Cpt. Av. Gheorghe Demetriade 6 – 8, 011849 Bucharest
Postal address: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Strada Cpt. Av. Gheorghe Demetriade 6 – 8, 011849 Bucureşti, Romania
Phone: +40 21 202 98 30, +855 23 21 63 81, for emergencies + 855- (0) 10-990 002
Fax: +40 21 230 58 46
E-Mail: Contact form
in the host country: Romanian
Embassy of Romania in Berlin (there are other consulates general in Bonn, Munich and Stuttgart as well as honorary consulates in Hamburg, Leipzig and Neustadt / Weinstraße)
Street address: Lichtensteinallee 1
Postal address: Dorotheenstraße 62 – 66, 10117 Berlin
Telephone: 030 21 23 92 02
Fax: 030 2 12 39 399
Email: [email protected]