General travel information for Russia
Continent: Europe, Asia
Geographic location: From Eastern Europe, North Asia to the Pacific coast
Highest elevation: Elbrus in the Caucasus (5642 m above sea level)
Longest river: Lena (4294 km)
Form of government: Federal Republic System of
Government: Semi-presidential system
Neighboring countries: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, China, Mongolia, North Korea, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan
Area: Approx. 17,075,000 km²
Population: Approx. 146,877,088 people including Crimea (2018)
Population density: About 8 residents per km²
Religions: About 41% Orthodox, 13% Atheists, 6.5% Muslims
Currency: Ruble (RUB); 1 euro is approximately 78.8 rubles. Travel
Climate: very diverse climate, arctic, temperate and subtropical climate zone
Time zone: UTC +3 to UTC +12
Area code: +7
Country code: RU, RUS, 643
Electricity: In Russia Type C and F sockets are used. The mains voltage is 230 V with a 50 Hz change interval.
- Check a2zdirectory for old history of Russia and agooddir for modern history of Russia.
Travel climate in Russia
Russia is one of the few countries with an incredibly diverse climate. The country extends over three climatic zones, the arctic, temperate and the subtropical climatic zone. Summer in Russia is between May and the end of September and temperatures can exceed 30 ° C. In winter, on the other hand, temperatures can be measured down to -20 ° C. Very few countries can show such extreme temperature differences.
|Moscow||Min Temperature ° C||Max Temperature ° C||Hours of sunshine / day||Rainy days|
|St. Petersburg||Min Temperature ° C||Max Temperature ° C||Hours of sunshine / day||Rainy days|
|Novosibirsk||Min Temperature ° C||Max Temperature ° C||Hours of sunshine / day||Rainy days|
National parks and nature conservation in Russia
Russia has an incredible number of national parks. 40 national parks cover a total area of almost 90,000 km². Only a small number of the areas are listed here.
nature reserve This nature reserve is in the Far East and consists of the oldest mixed forests in the world in which several mountains around 200 meters high characterize the landscape. Many endangered animal species live in these areas, such as the Himalayan bears, Siberian tigers, Amur tigers, brown bears, black bears, wolves and lynxes. There is hardly any other place in the world where you can find so many endangered and rare animal and plant species in just one place.
Altai – nature reserve
The Altai nature reserve covers a total area of 8812 km² and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The different habitats of the reserve provide a home for various larger mammals. In addition, around 300 bird species feel at home, 180 of which breed in the area. A large part of these animals live around Lake Teletsk, the pearl of Western Siberia. A little south of the lake, the Chulyshman and Karakem rivers form the western border of the park in places.
Volga Delta near Astrakhan
The Volga Delta is one of the largest river deltas in the world and offers a unique wealth of flora and fauna. The best way to explore the area is by boat and see different sea eagles, ospreys, rare species of falcons and swans, cranes, pelicans or different types of herons up close. At flowering time, many types of water lilies and lotus can be admired which float on the water in various colors.
The white nights of St. Petersburg The white nights of St. Petersburg are
particularly popular with tourists. The city is right on the tropic of the sun. So it is about 22 hours a day in the city at midsummer time. The two hours in which the sun goes down it is not really dark
Culture and sights in Russia
St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow
One of the oldest buildings in Russia is in Moscow and should definitely be visited. Known as a landmark of Russia, St. Basil’s Cathedral is located on Red Square in the capital. It consists of nine chapels and stands out with its beautiful colors and shapes. The golden dome that crowns the cathedral is particularly impressive.
The so-called Well of the Earth or also called the Pearl of Siberia is a lake over 600km long. Its width, however, is only between 27km and 80km. But far more impressive is the depth of the lake at 1,637 meters, which makes it the deepest lake in the world. It also offers a unique flora and fauna and thus a large habitat for many rare animal species. Some of the breathtakingly beautiful islands can be reached by ferry in summer and across the ice in winter.
Catherine Palace in Pushkin
The Catherine Palace in Pushkin is not far from the metropolis of St. Petersburg. This was almost completely destroyed in World War II and then rebuilt. With its various buildings, the building is one of the most beautiful baroque buildings in Europe. The luxury inside the building is overwhelming and amazes visitors. In the artificially created park around the palace, numerous ponds and green spaces invite you to linger.
Holidays in Russia
|New Year||Dec 31|
|Russian Christmas||Jan. 7|
|Defender of the Fatherland Day||February 23|
|International Women’s Day||8th of March|
|Spring and Labor Day||1st of May|
|Day of victory over fascism||May 9|
|Day of Russia||12th of June|
|People’s Unity Day||November 4|
|Public holiday, but not a national holiday||Date|
|Valentine’s day||Feb 14|
|Maslenitsa||Late February / early March|
|The great fast||48 days before Easter|
|Easter||March April May|
|Day of the baptism of Russia||July 28|
|National Flag Day||August 22|
|Constitution Day||Dec 12|
Medical advice for Russia
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Russia and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health
Travel advice for Russia
You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Russia from the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Foreign mission in Russia
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Moscow
Mosfilmowskaja 56, 119285 Moscow, Russian Federation.
Telephone: +7 495 937 95 00
Fax: +7 499 783 08 75
Embassy of the Russian Federation in Berlin
Unter den Linden 63 – 65, 10117 Berlin
Telephone: +49 30 229 11 29; +49 30 229 11 10
Fax: +49 30 229 93 97
E-Mail: [email protected]