Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


POPULATION: 103,000 (2013)

AREA: 345 km²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): English, Creole-English

RELIGION: Protestants 75%, Catholics 13%, others (including Hindus) 12%

COIN: East Caribbean dollar


ENGLISH NAME: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


POPULATION COMPOSITION: Afro-Caribbean 82%, mixed 14%, other 4%

GDP PER residents: 6342 USD (2011)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 69 years, women 74 years (2007)




Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, island state in the Caribbean, in the Lesser Antilles. The country consists of the main island of St. Vincent with the capital Kingstown and the northern part of the archipelago Grenadines with Bequia and Mustique. Many of the small islands are developed with tourist facilities, while the main island is less affected by this than most other islands in the Antilles.

National flag

The flag was officially introduced in 1985 on the basis of a flag adopted at independence in 1979. The blue color represents the sky and the sea, the yellow stands for warmth, the golden sands of the Grenadines and the cheerful mind of the people, the green for the islands’ vegetation and the vitality of the people . The three diamonds (eng. Diamonds) form a V Vincent and alludes to the nickname “the Antilles pearls”.


The islands are all of volcanic origin, and the active volcano La Soufrière reaches 1234 m. Volcanic eruptions have repeatedly buried cities in ash. The islands have a tropical climate characterized by the Northeast Passage and with a rainy season from July to October. In the mountainous interior of Saint Vincent there is rainforest, while the small islands have more coral island-influenced vegetation. Only a small part of the area is cultivated; much of this is used for export crops such as bananas and other fruits in addition to special products such as arrowroot (maranta starch) and nutmeg. Agriculture can no longer create sufficient employment, and there has been significant emigration for a number of years. The country is a member of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States and has the East Caribbean dollar as its currency.

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English is the official language, and the main island in particular is still steeped in British culture with afternoon tea and cricket at a laid-back Caribbean pace. Tourism is on the rise; Among other things, the numerous small islands are visited by many yachtsmen.


In 1498 Columbus called at the island and called it Saint Vincent. For the next 150 years, Dutch, English, and French settlers tried to establish themselves, but their efforts were repulsed by the local Caribbean. After the peace of Paris in 1763, the island passed to Great Britain. With French support, the Caribbean revolted in 1795, but the following year, the British suppressed the revolt and deported the remaining Caribbean to Belize.and Roatán off the coast of Honduras. The work in the sugar plantations was carried out by African slaves until the abolition of slavery in 1834. In 1969 Saint Vincent gained internal autonomy, and in 1979 the country became an independent state within the Commonwealth. Milton Cato (1915-97) from the Labor Party became the country’s first prime minister, but in 1984 the New Democratic Party came to power, and since then the struggle for government power has been between the two parties.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography