General travel information for Senegal
Geographical location: Between the Pacific and Atlantic at the widest point of the Central American land bridge
Highest elevation: No name (581 m above sea level)
Longest river: Senegal River (1086 km)
Form of government: Republic System of
Government: Presidential democracy
Neighboring countries: Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania
Area: Approx. 196,722 km²
Residents: Approx. 15,850,000 people (2018)
Population density: 81 residents per km²
Religions: About 94% Muslim, 4% Christian and 1% members of traditional beliefs
Currency: CFA franc (XOF 1 Euro is about 656 XOF The latest exchange rates to our holiday destinations, see. Oanda.com
Travel Climate: tropical climate with dry and Rainy season
Time zone: UTC ± 0
Area code: +221
Country code: SN, SEN, 686
Electricity: In Senegal, sockets of type C, D, E and K are used. The mains voltage is 230 V at 50 Hz change interval.
Travel climate in Senegal
The climate in Senegal is characterized by a pronounced alternation between dry and rainy seasons, which is caused by the dry north-east trade winds and the humid air masses of the West African monsoons. During the summer months, the monsoons penetrate north. In the south there is heavy rain from April to October while in the north there are only isolated showers. Temperatures are between 22-27 degrees in winter and over 40 degrees at the end of the dry season. It is only humid for a short time in March and April when the rainy season sets in.
The approximately 500 km long Atlantic coast of Senegal is characterized by the meeting of the cool Canary Current, the warm equatorial current and cold upwelling water. The Canary Current dominates in the dry season between December and April. The water temperature of the Canary Current, which is below 20 ° C, and the cold upwelling water make the Senegalese coast a cold water coast in the winter months. In the rainy season between June and November, however, the equatorial current dominates with water temperatures of 27–28 ° C.
Culture and sights in Senegal
The culture in Senegal is a mixture of traditional tribal culture and Muslim customs. The national holidays are mainly Muslim holidays. One of the most important of them is the Maouloud, the birthday of the Prophet Mohammed. However, everything is colorful and loud, with lots of music and dance. For all the peoples of Senegal, music, combined with dance and storytelling, is the most important form of artistic expression. Traditionally, music is made by qualified singers, using percussion and string instruments. The most important instruments are the xalam, riti or kora, which actually comes from neighboring Mali. The drum tama, shaped like an hourglass and tucked under the arm, is the most common percussion instrument.
The most important sports in Senegal today include soccer and Senegalese wrestling.
The cultural landscapes of the Bassari, Fula and Bedik are located in three inaccessible mountainous regions in the Kédougou region in southeast Senegal. They were included in the UNESCO World Heritage as Bassari Land because there the land use and settlement patterns, the traditional architecture, the sacred forests and sanctuaries together with the ancestral agricultural and social practices, rituals, beliefs and the traditional formation of the ethnic groups contributed to it have to permanently secure human settlement through the respectful and sustainable handling of scarce resources. The residents have preserved original customs in agricultural, social, ritual and spiritual terms, which are sustainably adapted to the given environmental conditions.
Holidays in Senegal
|New Year||January 1st|
|Tabaski (Festival of Sacrifice)||In January / February|
|Tamkarit (Islamic New Year)||In February|
|Easter||In March / April|
|National Day / Independence Day||4. April|
|Birthday of the Prophet Mohammed||April May|
|Labor Day||1st of May|
|Ascension of Christ||In May|
|Pentecost||In May / June|
|Assumption Day||15th of August|
|Senegalese Riflemen Day||August 23|
|All Saints’ Day||1st of November|
|Korité (end of Ramadan)||November December|
Medical information for Senegal
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Senegal and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health.
Travel advice for Senegal
You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Senegal from the German Foreign Office.
Mission abroad in Senegal
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Dakar
20, Avenue Pasteur, Angle Rue Mermoz, Dakar
Postal address: Ambassade de la République fédérale d’Allemagne, BP 2100, Dakar, Senegal.
Telephone: +221 33 889 48 84
Fax: +221 33 822 52 99
Embassy of the Republic of Senegal in Berlin
Klingelhöferstrasse 5, 10785 Berlin
Telephone: +49 30 856 21 90
Fax: +49 30 85 62 19 21
E-Mail: [email protected]