According to Indexdotcom, Prague is deservedly considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Today, there are more than 500 towers in the city, and this despite the fact that at the beginning of the 19th century there were only 103 of them, in honor of which the city received the name “City of a Hundred Towers”. The city center has managed to be well preserved to this day and is a complex of the Prague Kremlin on the left bank of the largest country of the Vlatva River, as well as Stare and Nove Mesto on the right bank of the river. These places are the “heart” of the Czech capital and, together with the Jewish Ghetto and Vysehrad, were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. A common attraction for all “parts” of Prague is the Royal Road. Traditionally, according to the rule established by Charles IV, the procession of the new king began along this road, starting from Vysehrad. “Stare Mesto”, Now it is a real open-air museum. It was founded in the 10th century. Then it was surrounded by a wall with 13 towers, but only one (Powder) tower has survived to this day. Another interesting place for tourists is the Prague Castle or as it is also called Hradcany. It is located on the high bank of the Vltava River. This place is the largest castle in the Czech Republic (Royal Castle), which is now considered the historical, cultural and political center of the entire Czech Republic. 40 km from the capital is the most interesting Gothic castle in Europe – Krivoklat. This castle is located in picturesque areas near the Berounka River. This place is considered the best for hunting. The incredible beauty of the area is currently under protection and is a nature reserve. This castle is one of the oldest, but it is the best preserved. It used to be an ordinary hunting estate of the Czech king. The first notes about this place are subsidized by the 11th century. The castle changed its purpose several times, it was a prison, a royal treasury, in connection with which it was rebuilt and completed several times. The appearance that it has now, it received in the 15th century. Thrill-seekers can visit the cells where torture took place; the tools used for this have been preserved in the cells to this day. In the 14th century, the second largest city in the Czech Republic was Kutná Hora, which experienced rapid growth due to the silver deposits found here. However, after two centuries, silver mining subsided, as the reserves practically dried up and its financial importance for the country fell. Since then, the city has changed little. He managed to perfectly preserve the spirit of antiquity and now he is one of the tourist centers of the country. The city center is small and easy to get around on foot. Having visited this city, it is necessary to visit the Mining Museum, which is considered the best in Europe. Exhibitions are constantly held here, tourists are told about the silver mining that made this city so rich. Of particular interest to tourists is a giant mechanism made of wood, with the help of which up to 1 ton of rock was pulled out of the mines from a 200-meter depth. Pilsen has been considered the capital of Western Bohemia for many years. In the city center there is an interesting Gothic cathedral, which has the highest church tower in the Czech Republic, the height of which is 103 meters. The city has not only many architectural monuments, but also many interesting museums. However, Pilsen gained popularity not due to architectural and historical values, but due to the world-famous Czech beer – Prazdroj. One of the most famous Czech spas – Karlovy Vary (formerly called Karlsbad), was founded by Emperor Charles IV in 1358. The city is only 122 km away. from Prague, near the border with Germany, in one of the most picturesque places in Western Bohemia and is considered the main city in the West Bohemian spa triangle. This world-famous resort was previously visited by the entire world elite, including the Russian Tsar Peter the Great, Beethoven, Schiller, Wagner and others, and now it is available to everyone. The main streets of the city repeat the bends formed by the course of the Tepla River – the water in the river is really warm over a significant length of it due to the hot Karlovy Vary springs. The total number of registered springs is 132, but only twelve of them are used for medicinal purposes. This is a unique water that has no analogues in its characteristics – according to the chemical composition, Karlovy Vary water is a sodium-bicarbonate-sulphate acidic mineral water and, when drinking treatment, normalizes impaired secretion and peristalsis of the stomach and intestines, acts anti-inflammatory and spasmodically. The most famous spring is Sprudel, whose highly mineralized water (6.5 grams of salt per liter) reaches a temperature of +73 C. It is from the water of Sprudel that the world-famous Karlovy Vary salt is made.
National cuisine of the Czech Republic
Czech cuisine includes not only the features of European cuisine, but also its own unique traditions. For those who visit the Czech Republic for the first time, you should definitely try the famous onion or garlic stew. The traditional dish of the Czech Republic is “dumplings”, which can be either potato or wheat, they can also have different fillings (lard, fruit, etc.). Pork or poultry dishes are popular among the local population, the most popular are stewed pork with cabbage and dumplings, breaded pork, roast goose, etc. Of the vegetarian dishes, the most popular are cheese fried in breadcrumbs and fruit dumplings. The traditional national drink, naturally beer, for which the Czech Republic is famous all over the world. Some varieties are known far beyond the Czech Republic.