Singapore – geography
The Republic of Singapore consists of the island of Singapore and 60 smaller islands, most of which are uninhabited. When the first Europeans arrived in the early 1800’s, there were only a few settlements along the rivers; in all, a few hundred people lived there. With the British transformation of the island into an enterprising free trade area, immigrants flocked from the Malacca Peninsula, China, India and Indonesia. This ethnic mosaic still makes its mark on Singapore, where the year runs as one long series of festivals of different religious and cultural origins. Of the locals, approximately 77% Chinese, 14% Malays and 7% Indians. In addition, a temporary workforce of approximately 700,000 foreigners; they are primarily employed as maids, low-paid construction workers as well as high-paid experts.
Singapore city encompasses a large part of the island, and Singapore is with almost 6000 residents per capita. km2 one of the world’s most densely populated countries. As in other highly developed countries, natural population growth is small, while the average life expectancy of 75 years (men) and 79 years (women) is among the highest in the world.
Natural conditions. Singapore has a tropical climate with an average. temperature of 26-27 °C all year round. Rain falls all year round, mostly during the NE monsoon from November to March; the natural vegetation is rainforest. Part is preserved in a nature reserve around the highest point of the island, Bukit Timah (177 m). A dense network of streams drains the rainy island; in urban areas many are piped. To the north and west, several streams flow into vast mangrove swamps, but otherwise there is not much left of the original nature. Singapore’s last tiger was killed in 1924, and the largest remaining mammals are macaques and crustaceans. But the bird life is rich and there are geckos and snakes, especially cobras. The original flora and fauna are represented in the city-state’s botanical and zoological gardens.
The soil is generally not very fertile and only 2% of the area is cultivated. Fruit and vegetables are produced here. Apart from the underground granite, there are no raw materials on the island and one has to import 60% of the fresh water supply from Malaysia.
Industries. Singapore is first and foremost a trading nation, and the service industry dominates. The port is one of the busiest in the world, and huge quays, built on reclaimed land, stretch along the southwest coast. Here are also several oil refineries on partially filled islands. The airport on the east coast is also built on reclaimed land. Singapore’s administrative center and business district is located on the south coast and is surrounded by large city districts with multi-storey dwellings. To the north and west, Singapore is connected to Malaysia by resp. a dam and a bridge. In addition to being a financial, business and shipping center, Singapore has a number of high-tech productions, especially in electronics, precision equipment and petrochemicals. Shopping tourism is playing an increasing role.
The country is known for its advanced solutions to traffic problems, which include an expanded system for electronic road pricing, in addition to a large network of public transport. The city’s local railways, the Singapore Mass Rapid System, are considered one of the most modern in the world; 19 km are subways. For culture and traditions of Singapore, please check animalerts.
Singapore – language
Singapore has four official languages, Chinese (Mandarin), Malay, Tamil and English. Malay is the national language, while English is the language of administration and instruction. Indians and Chinese speak a variety of languages and dialects, especially Tamil and Min. In general, English and Mandarin are gaining ground, and about half of the population over the age of 15 have literacy in more than one language.
- Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Singapore? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.