General travel information for Eswatini (Swaziland)
Geographic Location: Southern Africa, in the southern hemisphere located
Highest point: Emlembe (1862 m above sea level)
Longest river: Lusutfu (Great Usutu, Maputo approximately 175 km)
Form of government: absolute monarchy
system of government: semi-presidential system
Languages: siSwati and English
Neighboring countries: Mozambique, South Africa
Area: 17,363 km²
Residents: Approx. 1 million people (2017)
Population density: 63 residents per km²
Religions:Christianity, approx. 35% Protestants, approx. 30% African churches, 4.5% Catholics
Currency: Swaziland lilangeni, South African rand; 1 EUR is about 16.1 SZL or ZAR; The current exchange rates for our travel
destinations can be found at oanda.com Travel climate: Subtropical climate
Time zone: UTC + 2
Area code: + 268
Country code: SZ
Electricity: Type C sockets are used in Eswatini. The mains voltage is 230V with a 50Hz change interval. A travel plug adapter is an advantage.
Travel climate in Eswatini (Swaziland)
In Eswatini, as in the neighboring areas of South Africa and Mozambique, there is a subtropical climate that is adapted to the different altitudes of the country. As a result, the temperatures are mostly warm or mild, but bearable. In Mbabane, average temperatures reach 26 ° C in summer and drop to around 13 ° C in winter. It is warmest and driest in the lowlands, the Lowveld. Most of the precipitation falls from October to March in the form of short rain showers in the foothills of the Drakensberg, the so-called Highveld. Annual rainfall of over 1,000 millimeters is possible here. Prolonged rainfall is rare.
Cities and regions in Eswatini (Swaziland)
Eswatini is divided into the four administrative districts of Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini and Shiselweni. Eswatini’s capital, Mbabane, is located in the north-western and relatively mountainous region of Hhohho. The Manzini region is home to the economic center around the capital of the same name, Manzini, which is also Eswatini’s largest city. The Lubombo region consists mainly of the Eswatini lowlands with the capital Siteki.
The capital, located in the Mdimba Mountains in the north-west of Eswatini, has a population of around 90,000. Mbabane is the administrative center of the country and, in addition to Manzini, is also of great economic importance for Eswatini due to the nearby tin and iron ore mines. The medical faculty of the University of Eswatini and the Waterford Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa are also based in Mbabane. Founded in 1902 by the British after the Second Boer War to administer the British Protectorate of Swaziland, the city has few attractions. This includes some of the remaining colonial buildings and, above all, the numerous artisan and souvenir markets. First and foremost, Mbabane, with the nearby Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, is an ideal base for day trips through Eswatini.
Lobamba is Eswatini’s traditional capital and seat of government. Parliament meets here and the Queen Mother also has her residence here. About 5,800 people live in the city, located about 16 km south of Mbabane in the Ezulwini valley at an altitude of about 700 meters. The State Palace, the Swazi National Museum, the royal kraal as well as some other buildings and facilities and especially the reed dance performed in August and September in honor of the Queen Mother are worth seeing. The festival of the first fruit is also one of the traditional national festivals in Eswatini. In addition to its representative functions, Lobamba is geared towards tourism with several hotels and a youth hostel.
With around 110,000 residents (2005), Manzini is the largest city in Eswatini and at the same time its economic and transport center. The provincial capital, located in the middle of the country, in the so-called Middleveld, owned the international airport of what was then known as Swaziland in the industrial area until 2014. The diocese of Manzini is also located here. A large market takes place in Manzini twice a week. Manzini was formerly known as Bremersdorp, which was the seat of the first administration in Swaziland and was renamed Manzini from 1960.
Fixed-date holidays in Eswatini (Swaziland)
Some additional holidays are from the beginning of Easter depends
on January 1 New Year’s Day
Friday before Easter Good Friday
Sunday after the first full moon after the beginning of spring Easter
on April 19 birthday of King Mswati III
Apr. 25 National Flag Day
on May 1 May Day
July 22 birthday of the late King Sobhuza
2.-7. Sept Umhlanga Reed Dance
Sept 6th Independence Day
Dec 25th Christmas Day
Dec 28th Incwala Day
Medical information for Eswatini (Swaziland)
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Eswatini and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health
Travel advice for Eswatini (Swaziland)
You can obtain current travel and safety advice, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal law advice and recommendations for your stay in Eswatini from the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Foreign mission in Eswatini (Swaziland)
Liaison office of the German Embassy in Mbabane
Consular District: Eswatini
Street address: 1st Floor, UN House, Somhlolo Road, Mbabane, Eswatini
Postal address: 1st Floor, UN House, Somhlolo Road, Mbabane, Eswatini
Telephone: +268 2404 3174
Fax: +268 2409 0042
in the host country: German, English
Embassy of the Kingdom Eswatini in Brussels (there are more honorary consulates in Berlin and Dusseldorf)
Location: Brussels / Belgium
street address: 188, Av. Winston Churchill
Postal address: 188, Av. Winston Churchill, 1180 Brussels / Belgium
Telephone: 032 2 3 47 47 71
Fax: 049 32 2 347 46 23
Email: [email protected]