Germany Society

Germany Society

Germany is a highly developed and prosperous country located in Central Europe. It has a population of over 83 million people and is the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is home to one of the world’s largest economies, and it has an impressive infrastructure, excellent educational institutions, and a vibrant cultural […]

Germany Geography

Germany Geography and Population

Germany – geography Germany – Geography, Landscape The whole of northern Germany is a lowland area, which consists of moraine and meltwater deposits. The coastal area facing the North Sea consists for the most part of sand surfaces, dunes and marsh areas. Along the coast are the East Frisian and North Frisian Islands. The rivers […]

Things to Do in Germany

Things to Do in Germany

More and more tourists are finding their way to our eastern neighbours. The country has a great diversity of festivities, nice cities, a fascinating landscape and ancient culture to offer. Cities such as Hamburg, Berlin and Düsseldorf make many a fashion-loving heart beat faster. But the cafes and clubs in Germany are also often good […]

Germany Economy

Germany Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax system Basic data Germany is the largest economy in the EU and the fourth largest economy in the world (after the USA, China and Japan). It owes its competitiveness and position in the world economy to its innovative capabilities and pro-export orientation. In […]

Germany Visa

Germany Visa, Embassy, Holidays and Shopping

Embassy in Germany Germany, embassy in Moscow Address: 119285 Moscow, st. Mosfilmovskaya, 56 Opening hours: Monday: 08.00 – 17.00; Tuesday: 08.00 – 17.30; Wednesday – Thursday: 08.00 – 17.00; Friday: 08.00 – 15.00, lunch break: 13.00-13.45 During working hours, you can contact by phone: (+7 495) 937 95 00 interlocutor, during business hours you can […]

Berlin, Germany Economy

Berlin, Germany Economy and History

Economy After reunification in 1990, significant subsidies previously received by West Berlin were gradually phased out. The industrial base of the former East Berlin declined dramatically over the next decade, leading to an unemployment rate of almost 20% and the stagnation of GDP growth rates until 2005. In 2006, Berlin’s nominal GDP experienced a growth rate of 1.5% […]

The GDR under Honecker 2

The GDR under Honecker (1971-1989) Part II

As Honecker The social program at the beginning of the 1980s was throttled in view of the continuing economic weakness, repression (“decomposition” and “extensive” surveillance) and the ubiquity of the oppressive apparatus came to the fore again. The SED’s monopoly of power in state and society, however, could no longer compensate for the party’s lack of legitimacy. […]

Germany History - Denominational Age 1

Germany History: Denominational Age (1517-1648) Part I

The most enduring result of Maximilian I’s dynastic policy was the unification of the empires of Aragon, Castile and Naples-Sicily with the Habsburg and Burgundian lands under the rule of his eldest grandson Charles in 1516. As Emperor Charles V (1519–56), Germany was just a side country to his Burgundian-Spanish empire. In his politics the struggle for Italy against France was […]

The GDR under Honecker 1

The GDR under Honecker (1971-1989) Part I

On May 3, 1971 (official announcement) E. Honecker was elected First Secretary (since 1976 General Secretary) of the Central Committee of the SED and chairman of the National Defense Council after an intrigue of the Politburo, which he was instrumental in driving, as Ulbricht’s successor. After Ulbricht’s death (August 1st, 1973) Stoph took over the office of State Council Chairman, Horst Sindermann (* 1915, […]

From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna 3

Germany History: From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna (1648–1815) Part III

French revolutionary wars, dissolution of the empire The social and political foundations of the European states, however, suffered a decisive shock from the French Revolution of 1789. Their appeal to “freedom, equality and brotherhood” threatened the absolutist as well as the estate order in Germany, especially since the intervention of Austria and Prussia against France […]

From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna 2

Germany History: From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna (1648–1815) Part II

After the “Great Elector” Friedrich Wilhelm (1640–88) had laid the foundations for the state expansion of his territories, Elector Friedrich III. of Brandenburg (since 1688) on January 18, 1701 in Königsberg, Prussia, which did not belong to the empire, became a kingdom (until 1713 king as Friedrich I), while the Wittelsbach elector Maximilian II. Emanuel von Bayern (1679–1726) received such an increase […]

From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna 1

Germany History: From the Peace of Westphalia to the Congress of Vienna (1648–1815) Part I

Creation of absolutist princely states The Reichstag, which met in Regensburg in 1663, developed into a permanent conference of ambassadors (“everlasting Reichstag”) of the imperial estates, v. a. of the sovereigns, in whose territories the focus of political life shifted. Here emerged – favored by the resolutions of the “Youngest Reichs Farewell” of the Regensburg […]

German Confederation, North German Confederation and Forging an Empire 1

German Confederation, North German Confederation and Forging an Empire (1815–1971) Part I

Legitimacy of the monarchies as a guiding ideology The German Confederation founded by the German Federal Act (June 8th, 1815) was an amalgamation of sovereign princes and free cities. Substantial parts of Prussia (Posen, East and West Prussia) and Austria (especially the Hungarian half of the empire and Italian parts of the empire) were outside […]

The German Empire (1871-1918) 2

The German Empire (1871-1918) Part II

Break with the Bismarck alliance system That of Wilhelm II and Chancellor L. von Caprivi (1890–94) embarked on the »New Course« aimed at disentangling the complicated Bismarck system of alliances and at achieving an alliance with Great Britain; at the same time, despite Russian offers, the renewal of the reinsurance contract (1890) was waived. Russia then turned to France […]