Niger Society

Niger Society

Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa with a population of over 22 million. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking near the bottom of all UN Human Development Indexes. The majority of Nigeriens live in rural areas and are dependent on subsistence agriculture for their livelihoods. This has led […]

Niger Economy

Niger Economy

Subchapters: Basic data Public finances and the state budget Banking system Tax System Basic data According to, Niger has long been among the poorest and least developed countries in the world. Most of the population is threatened by cyclical crop-destroying droughts and famine. Drought, deforestation, very rapid population growth and currently the security situation […]

Niger History

Niger State Overview

Niger. Landlocked country in West Africa. With an area of 1,267,000 km², its extension is comparable to the combined areas of Spain and Turkey. Its northern and central areas are located in the desert areas of the Sahara and the Sahel. Niamey is the capital city of Niger according to allpubliclibraries. History Evidence of the presence of human populations in Niger indicates that it […]

Telephone center in Agadez

Niger Media and Internet

Media landscape The various daily and weekly newspapers that exist in Niger’s diverse media landscape appear only in French. Officially it is said that the Nigerien press is largely free and is hardly subject to any restrictions. Organizations like Reporters sans frontières (RSF) also see a mostly quite positive development in this direction. In their […]

Niger Hotel Masaki

Travel to Niger

Currency: Franc CFA (BCEAO) Exchange rate: 655,957 CFA for € 1 Time zone: UTC Country code (phone): 00227 Climate (for capital): semi-arid Entry and residence regulations On March 13, 2020, President Issoufou declared on the corona pandemic that from March 19, 2020, the country’s borders and airports will be closed for at least 2 weeks; […]

Niger Health and Security for foreigners

Niger Health and Security for foreigners

Security for foreigners Since the security situation in Niger can change at very short notice, it is strongly advisable to contact the German embassy in Niamey or to contact the Federal Foreign Office. The report by the US government also provides good indications of the general security situation. After the hostage-taking by Al-Qaida, the local […]

Supermarket in Niamey

Niger Housing and Supply

Depending on the organization, outgoing skilled workers are provided with living space by the state of Niger or a house is rented by the sending organization. In some cases, the skilled workers also have to look for living space on their own. The standard of the houses can vary widely but is generally high. Often […]

Niger Religion

Niger Religion

Proportion of literate adults: 19.1% (2016, estimated) Most important religions: Islam (95%), Christianity, traditional religions Urban population: 19.3% (2017, estimated) Life expectancy (female / male): 62.8 / 60.9 in years (2018, estimated) Gender Inequality Index: Rank 154 of 162 (2018, HDR) Number of births: 7.1 / woman (2019, estimated; 1985: 7.9) Infant mortality: 81.1 / […]

Scraffitohaus from Zinder

Niger Culture

Cultural identities Cultural identity is synonymous with ethnic identity. The population of Niger clearly defines its identity on the level of belonging to a certain ethnic group. Even if, for example, a pullo (singular of Fulbe) can no longer speak his mother tongue – the Fulfulde – and only understands rudimentarily, has grown up in […]

Niger Health and Welfare

Niger Health and Welfare

Health care Corona Covid 19 The lockdown has not passed the Niger without a trace; long-term economic damage will follow. In terms of health status, however, the incidence and death rate are low, but so are the test capacities. Up to April 1, 2020, 74 positive patients were known, 5 of them died (personal information […]

University of Tahoua

Niger Education

School Corona crisis: since May 25, 2020, the life of the students has been moving back to normal in Niger: School is becoming everyday life again for many children. The literacy rate in Niger is – as before – low and is 19.1% (2017). The educational situation in Niger shows a positive development, but the […]

School in the pastoral zone Niger

Niger Microsocial Organization

Gender ratio In Niger, the proportion of women in the population is among 0-24 year olds under 100 (101.42 men); 25-69 year olds: 99.1 men versus 100 women; For every 100 women over 70, there are only 78.8 men. The life expectancy in Niger is about 62.5 years (in men is lower than in women). […]

Ethnic Groups in Niger

Ethnic Groups in Niger

The ethnic groups of Niger use – as a result of their historical forms of economy and life – traditionally certain geographical areas. The ethnic composition by percentage distribution is broken down as follows: Hausa (53%) Djerma / Songhai (21%) Fulbe (10%) Tuareg (10%) Kanuri / BeriBeri (4%) Tubu (0.4%) Gurmantche (0.2%) Buduma / Yedina […]

Niger Macrosocial Structure

Niger Macrosocial Structure

Ethnicity and tribalism Niger is a multi-ethnic state with a population of almost 24 million people (worldometers live ticker), which corresponds to a population growth of over 400% in 50 years (3.3 million residents in 1960). With its drastic population growth (World Bank 2018) of over 3.8%; by contrast with the CIA (3.17 2017). Niger […]

Niger Development Efforts

Niger Development Efforts

Domestic efforts In connection with the HIPC debt initiative, the PRSPs (Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers) were introduced in order to achieve long-term and sustainable poverty reduction in the poorest countries. This program is carried out in close cooperation with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and other international donors. Civil society structures such […]

Braiding of covers Niger

Niger Economic Policy

Niger’s dependence on foreign and external financing remains high. Niger, like many other African states, is trying to implement the reforms and plans of its economic and social plan (PDES). Economic growth amounted to 5.2% in 2017, with the majority being accounted for by crude oil and processing in the oil refinery in Zinder. The […]

Typical market in the agropastoral zone Niger

Niger Tertiary Sector

The tertiary sector contributes the second largest share to the gross domestic product (GDP) with 39%. Trade and (arts) crafts are predominant (13% of GDP), but also transport and communication. Tourism and the hospitality industry suffer from the uncertain situation in the region. Trade Depending on the time of year, the market is a colorful […]

Niger Secondary Sector Part II

Niger Secondary Sector Part II

Gold Another natural resource of the Niger is gold. This raw material resource is extracted in the Samira mine in western Niger in the Liptako region, on the border with Burkina Faso. Gold is Niger’s second most important export good (a good 13%). The commercial exploitation of gold in Niger began in 2004 with the […]

Niger Secondary Sector

Niger Secondary Sector Part I

The industrial sector in Niger is in a constant state of development. In addition to the processing of raw materials from the mines, mainly agricultural raw materials are processed. Uranium According to hyperrestaurant, Niger is fourth or fourth in the world. fifth largest producer of uranium. Most of the uranium ore is extracted in open-cast […]

Animal keeper festival Race Azawak

Niger Primary Sector Part III

Forestry According to homosociety, Niger is a country with no real forest. The wood requirement of the Nigerien population relates primarily to fuel utilization: 0.6-0.8 kg / day / person – this corresponds to about 300 kg / year / person. In the years 1958 to 1998 the forest area decreased by 40-50%, of the […]

Niger 5000 FCFA ticket

Niger Primary Sector Part II

The Chamber of Agriculture RECA (Reseau National des Chambres d’Agriculture du Niger), which supports animal keeping organizations – such as one of the umbrella organizations CAPAN (Collectif des Associations Pastorales au Niger) – makes a significant contribution to these developments. One initiative is e.g. B. Prolait, which takes care of the production of local, regional […]

Niger animal husbandry

Niger Primary Sector Part I

Agriculture, (mobile) animal husbandry and arable and field cultivation (as rain- fed agriculture) are highly dependent on environmental conditions and the climate. These are primarily the precipitation; but other factors such as grasshopper incursions, bush fires or floods also influence agricultural production and productivity. The income of the rural population – a good 80% of […]

Niger 1000 FCFA ticket

Niger Economic Structure

Economy & Development Estimated GDP: US $ 9.24 billion (2018) Per capita income (purchasing power parity): 906 US $ (2019) Human Development Rank (HDI): 189 (of 189) (2018) Proportion of poverty (less than $ 1.90 per day): 44.5 (2019) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 34.0 (2014) Economic Transformation (BTI): Rank 111 of 137 (2020) Economic […]

Niger Formal state structure

Niger Refugee Situation

Transit country Niger Currently (spring 2020) the UNHCR has converted stadiums into isolation sites for refugees. Refugees from West Africa are stranded in Niger because of the Corona crisis. The flow of refugees from Africa to the EU has increased massively again since spring 2016. The main transit country is still Niger. A new economic […]

Niger Country flag

Niger Foreign Policy

Regional relations Niger is a founding member of the African Union (AU) and has close ties to neighboring countries through membership of ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) and the UEMOA (West African Economic and Monetary Community). Niger, for example, took part in tax harmonization in January 2000. Niger is also a member of […]

North Niger Conflict

North Niger Conflict

The massacre in Tchintabaraden on May 15, 1990, which was perpetrated by the military and killed around 1500 people, marked the beginning of the Tuareg rebellion in the 1990’s. This was also followed by other ethnic groups in order to know that their rights were better represented: participation in the proceeds from the exploitation of […]

A selection of Nigerien newspapers

Niger Human Rights

Independence Day: August 3, 1960 Head of state: Mahamadou Issoufou Head of government: Brigi Rafini Political system: democratic multi-party system Political Transformation (BTI): Rank 57 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 120 of 180 (2019) Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Rank 28 of 54 (2020) Human rights, slavery, child marriage, Wahaya, FGM, gender diversity […]

Niger Civil Society

Niger Civil Society

The development of civil society in Niger has developed increased self-confidence in recent years. From independence until the end of Kountché’s reign, non-governmental organizations (German NRO, otherwise: NGO / ONG, Organization Non Gouvernemental) were of a religious or social character. International organizations only appeared more intensively in the context of emergency aid during the drought […]

Niger State coat of arms

Niger Domestic Politics

On 24 November 2020 the former President Mamdou Tandja died. Tandja has been politically involved since 1974; the positive marks he left during his tenure were, for example, the social plan, through which he promoted rural development before urban development. The fact that he wanted to obtain a third term as president brought his political […]