Tanzania is a country in East Africa. Common borders with Kenya and Uganda in the north, with Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, with Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south.
According to smb, the capital is Dodoma (Dar es Salaam). Currency – Tanzanian shilling. The official language is Swahili, English. Religion – Christianity and Islam.
The political system is a republic. Export – coffee, cotton, sisal, cloves, tea, tobacco, cashew nuts, diamonds. Population 46,912,000 The area is 945 thousand km2. “Tanzania” – a combination of the names of the two colonies that became part of this country – (Tanganyika and Zanzibar).
The relief is the central plateau, lakes in the north and west, coastal plains, lakes Victoria, Tanganyika and Nyasa. Most of the country is occupied by plateaus. Air temperature +29*С, water temperature +25*С.
The country is located on the East African Plateau (more than 1000 m). The highest point is Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m). The climate is equatorial monsoon.
Tanzania is considered to be the birthplace of safari. The very word “safari” in Swahili means “journey”. You will not find a better place on earth to explore the world of wildlife. Here you can see huge herds of antelopes and zebras crossing the plains, as well as predators – lions, cheetahs and hyenas. The largest Ngorongoro Crater in the world and the Serengeti Reserve are inhabited by a variety of animal and bird species.
In Tanzania, there is the highest mountain in Africa – Kilimanjaro, climbing to the top of which is available for almost any tourist.
Organized safaris provide accommodation in comfortable hotels (lodges) in nature, three meals a day and the accompaniment of an experienced guide. You can choose any of the programs offered to you.
A great place to relax after a safari is the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia, bordered by palm trees and filled with alluring exoticism. A high level of hotel service, white sandy beaches, a rich underwater world, interesting excursions, beach sports – all this will make your vacation on the coast of the Indian Ocean pleasant and comfortable.
The best time to visit the country is from December to mid-March and from July to November. The main rainy season falls on the end of March – June (in Zanzibar until mid-July). Small rainy season – November – early December. On the islands, the climate is tropical and humid, the average daily temperature is plus 28-30 degrees, sea breezes make the weather very pleasant. The water temperature in the Indian Ocean is 24-26 degrees. In the central part (1200-1700 m above sea level) the average temperature is plus 22-25 degrees, the nights can be cool.
A passport with a visa, a yellow fever certificate and a return ticket are required to enter Tanzania. Required documents for obtaining a visa:
– 2 photos
– Personal data
Passport must be valid for at least 6 months from the end of the trip. The visa fee is $30. Processing time – 1 week.
The craft of carving coconut shells has been preserved in Zanzibar. The craft of making masks is also known.
Having become an independent republic in 1964, Tanganyika merged with Zanzibar, so the first few words from the names of previous state formations were combined in the name of the state. The country was named Tanzania – TAN (the first three letters from Tanganyika) and ZAN (the first three letters from Zanzibar). Thus, starting in 1964, a country with the name of the United Republic of Tanzania appeared on the world map.
A popular game in the country is football, which is played throughout the country. The main clubs are Yanga, Simba. Basketball is also popular, but mostly in the army and schools. Tanzania is proud to have produced one NBA player.