The round table succeeded in pushing through the dissolution of the Ministry for State Security (MfS), which was renamed “Office for National Security” in November 1989; already on December 4th began with the occupation of the MfS district and district authorities by citizens’ committees, first on the morning of December 4th. in Erfurt, in fact the dissolution of the State Security Service; The occupation of the MfS headquarters in Berlin-Lichtenberg, Normannenstrasse, on January 15, 1990 put an end to the delay in this dissolution by the Modrow government. Together with the government, the Round Table worked out a catalog of economic measures and position papers for the negotiations between the two German governments (including the »Social Charter« of March 5) as well as a draft for a new constitution of the GDR (published on April 18). In order to stop the ongoing decline in authority of his government, took 1990 a catalog of economic measures and position papers for the negotiations between the two German governments (including the »Social Charter« of March 5) as well as a draft for a new constitution for the GDR (published on April 18). In order to stop the ongoing decline in authority of his government, took 1990 a catalog of economic measures and position papers for the negotiations between the two German governments (including the »Social Charter« of March 5) as well as a draft for a new constitution for the GDR (published on April 18). In order to stop the ongoing decline in authority of his government, took on February 5, 1990, Modrow brought eight representatives of the opposition groups into the government as ministers without portfolio (so-called government of national responsibility). Various constitutional changes (including the abolition of the »National Front« on February 20, introduction of the right to strike on March 6) and laws (including the Electoral Act of February 20, Law on Associations and Political Parties of February 21, Law of Assemblies of March 7) led to the creation of constitutional and democratic transitional structures.
In the talks with Modrow in Dresden (December 19, 1989) and Bonn (February 13/14, 1990), H. Kohl made his ten-point plan of November 28, 1989 the basis of his negotiations, which set the goal of national unity in Germany (German reunification). Learn more about Germany and Europe, please click ezinereligion.com.
In January / February 1990, the necessity of economic reform (adoption of market economy principles, e.g. freedom of trade) and a German-German currency union (introduction of the DM in the GDR) as a prerequisite for the national unity of Germany came to the fore. On March 9th, 1990 negotiations between the two German states and the four victorious powers of the Second World War began (at civil servant level) on the modalities of the German unification process and its international, particularly European integration (” two plus four treaty “).
The West German parties gave massive support to their sister organizations in the election campaign for the first free elections in the GDR. A total of 24 parties stood for the Volkskammer election on March 18, 1990. The “Alliance for Germany” (CDU, DSU, Democratic Awakening [DA]) was the clear winner. On April 12, 1990 the People’s Chamber elected the chairman of the CDU L. de Maizière as the new chairman of the Council of Ministers, which formed a government coalition from the Alliance for Germany, SPD and Liberals. He placed the rapid achievement of German unity on the basis of Article 23 of the Basic Law (old version) at the center of his policy. In April 1990 negotiations began on an economic, monetary and social union with the Federal Republic of Germany, which ended on May 18, 1990 with the conclusion of a state treaty. On June 21, 1990 the People’s Chamber passed the German-German State Treaty on Economic, Monetary and Social Union, which came into force on July 1, 1990. At the same time, legal provisions of the Federal Republic of Germany were adopted for the territory of the GDR, to adapt the legal norms to the requirements of the social market economy and to create important prerequisites for a united Germany. On August 23, 1990, the People’s Chamber decided that the GDR should join the scope of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany on October 3, 1990. With the completion of German unity through the Unification Agreement, signed on August 31, 1990 and passed by the Volkskammer on September 20, 1990, as well as the accession of the GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany on October 3, 1990 (“Day of German Unity”), the existence of the GDR ended on October 2, 1990. The five federal states that existed on the territory of the GDR until 1952 were led by the CDU in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Saxony and by the SPD in Brandenburg in accordance with the Land Introduction Act (July 22, 1990) and the state elections of October 14, 1990 Governments) – in a modified form – restored. Structural adjustment of the economy (while preserving social aspects), elimination of the serious environmental damage, construction of a modern infrastructure as well as housing construction and urban renovation became the most urgent tasks in the five “new” federal states (German unity).