Togo (the lands beyond the lagoons) is a state in West Africa. Common borders with Ghana – in the west, with Benin – in the east, with Burkina Faso – in the north. The area is 56800 km2.
According to smb, the capital is Lome. The official language is French. Currency – CFA franc. Religion – animalism, fetishism.
Foreign tourists are attracted by the picturesque lagoons and beaches of the Atlantic coast, the diversity of flora and fauna, the originality of the culture of local peoples, as well as the conditions for sport hunting for some species of wild animals. He was the first of the states of West Africa to develop the tourism industry. 1980 – the period of the tourist boom in the country. The state of political instability in the early 1990s had a negative impact on the tourism industry. In the late 1990s, tourism again becomes an important component of the national economy.
The climate of Togo is equatorial, therefore hot (humid in the south, and semi-dry in the north). The average annual temperature is +27*C. Most of the country is covered with savannas, 10% of the territory is covered by forests. Recently, there has been a reduction in forest tracts and this is already leading to the depletion of the fauna.
Resorts and attractionsTogo
There is very little information about the ancient history of that. Archaeological finds indicate that the ancient tribes were able to produce pottery and process iron. The name of that is translated from the Ewe language as “the lands lying beyond the lagoons.” In the middle of the 15th century, the Portuguese colonizers arrived here, after which the slave trade was established. At the end of the 17th century, the city of Lome was founded on the site of the settlement of the Ewe people.
The northern part is occupied by plains, the central part is a plateau with average heights of 200-400 meters above sea level, in the south – coastal plains with lagoons and low blocky mountains that cross the country from southwest to northeast. The highest point in that is Mount Agu (986 meters), it is part of the Atakora mountain system.
The longest river in Togo is Mono, its length is 467 kilometers. This river flows south. Along the mouth of the river runs the border with Benin. Lake Togo is the largest in the country, with an area of about 50 km2 and a depth of 2.5 meters.
The name of Togo is translated from the Ewe language as – the land lying beyond the lagoons.
In 1884, Gustav Nachtigall signed an agreement with several to establish a protectorate of the German Empire over that along with part of what is now Ghana. Its borders were determined after the capture of the interior of the country by German troops and the signing of agreements with France and Great Britain. On January 1, 1905, the territory of modern Togo was declared the German colony of Togoland.
On the territory of that, minerals are mined, such as salt, kaolin, marble, uranium, phosphates and chromium.
The economy is underdeveloped. The basis of the economy remains agriculture, which provides 34% of the national income and employs 70% of the working population. Fertile land occupies 12% of the country’s surface, most of which is developed. Among the main agricultural crops, cassava, jasmine, rice, corn, and millet predominate. Coffee, cotton and cocoa are grown for export.
The products of marine (catch of anchovy, mackerel, sardinella, herring and tuna) and river fisheries cover the needs of the domestic market only partially. Forestry is being developed – planting kaisedra, mango and teak trees.
Infectious and parasitic diseases predominate (intestinal infections, leprosy, malaria, onchocerciasis, tuberculosis). 54% of the population have constant access to clean drinking water (Togo is one of the 12 African countries that fully meet the needs of urban residents in it), and 34% of the population have access to medical care.