General travel information for Tunisia
Geographical location: North Africa, on the Mediterranean coast
Highest elevation: Djebel Chambi (1544 m above sea level)
Longest river: Medjerda (450 km)
Form of government: Republic System of government; Semi-presidential system of government
Neighboring countries: Libya and Algeria
Area: Approx. 164,000 km²
Population: Approx. 11.3 million people (2016)
Population density: 69 residents per km²
Religions: Approx. 98% Muslims, small minorities of Christians and Jews
Currency: Tunisian dinars; 1 EUR is approximately 3.1 TND. Travel
Climate: Mediteranes and arid climates
Time zone: UTC + 1
Area code: +216
Country code: TN
Electricity: In Tunisia, the sockets of type C and E are used. A travel plug adapter is an advantage. The mains voltage is 230V with a 50Hz change interval.
Travel climate in Tunisia
Tunisia has a Mediterranean, balanced travel climate in the regions influenced by the Miitelmeer. With increasing distance from the coast, the climate adapts to the hot and dry conditions of the Sahara. Precipitation decreases from north to south and increases slightly from east to west. The north of Tunisia is winter-humid and summer-dry, the central Tunisian steppe region has a changeable climate with hot summers, cold winters and decreasing rainfall, and south of the Tunisian salt pans there is a desert climate.
The mean temperatures on the Tunisian coast are 10 ° C in January and 26 ° C in August. South of the Atlas Mountains there is a dry, hot desert edge climate all year round with very irregular rainfall. The temperatures here reach maximum values of up to 45 ° C, with a temperature difference of up to 10 ° C in the shade. Extreme temperature differences can occur when traveling to the Sahara with summer temperatures of 50 ° C and ground frost in winter. The Sahara wind called sirocco can bring unbearable heat.
Precipitation almost only falls in the winter months, in exceptional cases, however, heavy rainfalls can also occur when traveling in summer, which transform previously dried out wadis into torrential torrents. While the annual rainfall on the north coast and in the mountains is 500 to 1000 mm and is therefore sufficient for successful rain-fed agriculture, the south of Tunisia has arid climatic conditions with greater evaporation than the irregularly falling rainfall, which is at most 200 mm per year.
Culture and sights in Tunisia
Today’s Arab-influenced travel destination Tunisia has experienced various periods of conquest and immigration over the centuries by Arabs, Spaniards, French, Turks and West African Berbers. Therefore, the Tunisians differ from other Arab nations both in their appearance and in their cultural life. This can be seen in architecture, in pottery, ceramics and general craftsmanship, in music and also in Tunisian cuisine.
Tunisia’s architectural history alone ranges from the Phoenicians to the Roman and subsequent Byzantine epochs and the Berber-influenced Hafsiden to the Moorish style, which was influenced by Moroccan and Andalusian influences, and the subsequent epochs of Turkish and finally French-influenced mixed styles. During a trip to Tunisia, many sights from all architectural eras can be seen in places such as Carthage, Sbeitla, Gafsa, Tebessa, Sbiba, Sousse, Bizerte and of course in Tunis.
The music of Tunisia is a result of the mixing of Arabic-Andalusian and Western musical styles. It has many facets; the most famous classical music genre is the malouf. It is played by small orchestras consisting of violin, kanun, oud, cello, double bass, nay, darbouka and nagharats. Classical chants are also successful to this day. Apart from the instrumentation, urban and rural music hardly differ. String instruments such as the rebec, the oud and the kanun as well as the darbouka dominate the urban environment. In the rural milieu and the chants of the Bedouins, wind instruments such as the mezwed and the gasba dominate alongside percussion.
In addition to music, the travel destination Tunisia has a rich handicraft heritage with many regional specialties such as pottery around Guellala or the production of faience in Nabeul. Crafts is also a major industry, with an estimated 300,000 people working. The art of mosaics has spread in the country since the 2nd century, the world’s most important collection of mosaics is in the National Museum of Bardo. The forging came to Tunisia with the refugees from Andalusia, today the blue window grilles, which are reminiscent of Mashrabiyya, are particularly famous. The carpet-knotting, introduced by the Carthaginians in Tunisia and later influenced by the Persians, is now mainly practiced in and around Kairouan.
In addition to the cultural sights, the many national parks and protected areas of Tunisia offer great impressions of the landscape on a trip into the mountainous Atlas regions, the deserts of the Sahara, the maritime surroundings of the coasts and of course the large salt pans known as Schotts.
Holidays with a fixed date in Tunisia
The date of the Islamic holidays is based on the Islamic lunar calendar and therefore shifts from year to year
Jan. 1st New Year
Jan. 14th Revolution and Youth Day
March 20th Independence Day
Apr. 9th Martyrs Day
May 1st Work
July 25th Republic Day
Oct 15th Evacuation Day
Medical information for Tunisia
For legal reasons we can no mandatory medical indications for Destination Tunisia communicate as a tour operator and therefore refer to the information of the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health Association
Travel advice for Tunisia
You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Tunisia from the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Foreign mission in Tunisia
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Tunis (There is an honorary consulate in Djerba)
District / Consular District: Tunisia. The official business of the Tripoli embassy in Libya, including all legal and consular matters, is temporarily carried out from the Tunis embassy.
Street address: Impasse du Lac Windermere 1, Tunis, Tunisia
Postal address: BP 222, 1053 Les Berges du Lac, Tunisia
Telephone: +216 71 143 200
Fax: +216 71 143 299
E-mail: Contact form
Website: http: / /www.tunis.diplo.de
Official languages: French and Arabic
Embassy of the Tunisian Republic in Berlin
(there are other honorary consulates in Bonn, Hamburg and Munich)
Street address: Lindenallee 16
Postal address: Lindenallee 16, 14050 Berlin
Telephone: 030 36 41 07 10
Fax: 030 30 82 06 83
E-Mail: [email protected]