Animals and Plants
What is growing in Ukraine?
There are swamps, steppes and forests in Ukraine. A total of 16 percent of the country’s area is forested. For example, forest grows in the hill country and also in the Carpathians, the high mountains in the west. There you can still find some of the last primeval forests in Europe. Everything is allowed to grow there without human influence. Typical tree species in Ukraine are pine, beech, birch, oak, willow, ash and spruce. Steppes make up a large part of Ukraine. Mainly grasses grow there.
Which animals live in Ukraine?
Typical inhabitants of the Ukrainian steppe are perlziesel, steppe iltis and Przewalski’s horses. They are the only type of wild horse that survived. They were once almost extinct, but have been successfully resettled, including in Ukraine.
Lizards and snakes feel at home in the dry areas, while the forests are home to bears, wolves, deer, wild boars and raccoons. In total there are around 110 species of mammals and 21 species of reptiles.
Are there birds too?
Of course, birds also fly through Ukraine! Around 400 species have been sighted. They include herons, pheasants, cranes, storks, ducks, geese and swans. Birds of prey also feel at home in the more mountainous parts of the country and, of course, gulls, pelicans, cormorants and other water birds in the Black Sea.
Underwater worlds in the Black Sea
With its long coast on the Black Sea, Ukraine also has a rich marine life. In addition to fish, there are also dolphins, rays, jellyfish, mussels, sponges and crabs in the Black Sea. Even seahorses are among the swimming inhabitants of the Black Sea. And with the dogfish there is even a shark living in the Black Sea. It is critically endangered. It has been hunted too much and is slow to reproduce.
Grain from Ukraine
Ukraine is one of the largest grain producers in the world. Mainly wheat, maize and barley are grown. Around half of the harvest is exported, i.e. sold to other countries. Potatoes and sugar beet are also grown, along with fruit and wine on the Black Sea.
The Ukraine has particularly good arable soil, because it is covered by fertile black earth. Overall, agriculture still generates 12 percent of the entire economy, although only 5.8 percent of the employees work in this area.
Desertification and contamination
One problem with Ukrainian agriculture is that more and more land is being turned into steppe through deforestation. Soil erosion then ensures that nothing can be grown.
Far-reaching consequences had the disaster of Chernobyl, which may be operated in a radius of 30 kilometers around the town of Pripyat, on the border with Belarus, not agriculture. The soil there is radioactive.
According to indexdotcom, Ukraine’s industry was already a leader in various areas during the Soviet Union. With independence, the previous planned economy was converted to a market economy, which initially brought with it many problems. The economy recovered from 2000 and industry now accounts for a quarter of the total economy.
However, the industry is mainly located in the east, where war has been raging since 2014 due to the conflict with Russia. Ukraine has also lost its largest trading partner as a result.
Vehicles and aircraft, iron and steel, food, machines, electrical appliances and much more are manufactured. In the mining industry, coal is the main source. Often the mines are out of date and there have been serious mining accidents.