USA is a country in North America. It ranks fourth in the world in terms of territory. The United States of America was formed in 1776 by the amalgamation of thirteen British colonies.
According to smb, the capital is Washington. The official language is English. Currency – US dollar. Religion – Catholicism.
The US economy currently has the highest GDP in the world.
Since the country is located on a large territory, almost all climatic zones are represented in it – from the arctic climate in northern Alaska to the tropical climate in Hawaii and southern Florida.
The United States is a federal union in North America, consisting of 50 states – Alaska, Hawaii, 48 states in the territory between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and between Canada and Mexico and the federal (capital) District of Columbia. In addition, the US owns the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico in the West Indies, Samoa, Guam and other islands in Oceania. The capital is the city of Washington. The area of the country is 9826675 km2, the population is 315663,000 people (3rd place in the world). The United States has a powerful military, in particular the largest navy. The United States has the most powerful nuclear capability on earth.
US Resorts and Attractions
Ouachita Mountains. In southeastern Oklahoma, the Ouachita Mountains are located, which are the central part of a large mountain range, they are located between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. The Ouachita were formed about 300 million years ago when the South American Plate drifted northward and collided with the North American Plate.
State of Florida located in the southeast of America, on the east side it is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, and the popular resort there is Miami Beach, and on the western side it is washed by the Gulf of Mexico with the resort of Marco Island. Roughly in the center of the state is the city of Orlando, which contains the best Walt Disney theme parks and Universal Studios theme parks. Orlando is in perfect harmony with both resorts (from which it is easy to get to it).
One of the beauties of Florida is that people come there both in winter and summer. In summer, there is no unbearable heat thanks to the ocean breeze.
Beach holidays in the USA
Excellent and ideal places for a beach holiday in the USA are the Hawaiian Islands and Florida.
Hawaiian Islands is a separately located, but full-fledged state of the USA, where the same laws apply as on the mainland. You can get to Hawaii by flying 5 – 6 hours from Los Angeles or San Francisco. The main Hawaiian island is Oahu, where you can wallow on the beaches all year round.
In this region there are no sharp weather changes, external anomalies, the temperature is always constant, the climate is mild and warm.
Gorgeous beaches on the shores of Oahu, Big Island, Kauai and Maui, iridescent sun and clear clear waters will allow you to take a fresh look at life. This is truly a heavenly place to relax.
Mariana Archipelago – The territory of the islands is associated with the United States.
Guam Island (Marian Archipelago) is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean, which is part of the United States.
The US Virgin Islands are a group of islands in the Caribbean.
The Marshall Islands is a Pacific state in Micronesia associated with the United States.
Palau is an island nation associated with the United States in the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean.
Puerto Rico (rich port) – a state dependent on the United States,
Horsetail Falls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in North America. In the last two weeks of February, the water in it begins to glow with a fiery light. The phenomenon occurs when the crimson sun’s rays during sunset fall on the water flowing down the granite slope. It seems that a fiery waterfall is falling from the cliff. This unique phenomenon is due to a set of conditions due to which only the long red and orange wavelengths of the sunlight spectrum are reflected.
In 1565, the Spaniards founded the first European settlement on the territory of the modern United States. The city was called St. Augustine.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller created a map of the world, on which the lands in the Western Hemisphere were first named America in honor of the Florentine discoverer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci. Former British colonists first used the modern name of the country in 1776 in the Declaration of Independence – the unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America. Later, an abbreviated form of the name appeared – UnitedStates – United States. This name, as well as an even shorter form, the States, was used in the minutes of the Continental Congress. The abbreviation US appears in the papers of George Washington in 1791, and the abbreviation USA first appeared in 1795.
The Atlantic coast is predominantly lowland, while the Pacific coast of the country is predominantly mountainous. Approximately half of the US territory is covered by mountains and plateaus. Mountain ranges run from the tropics of Hawaii to the Arctic Circle of Alaska, running parallel to the east and west coasts. The Rocky Mountains at the western end of the Great Plains stretch from north to south across the country, reaching heights of over 4,300 meters (in Colorado).
The bowels are rich in reserves of various natural resources, in particular – hard and brown coal, iron and manganese ore. The Cordilleras, the Colorado Plateau, the Great Plains and the Mexican Lowland have deposits of copper, zinc, lead, silver, chromite, vanadium, tungsten, molybdenum, titanium, polymetallic, uranium, mercury ores, gold, sulfur, phosphates and other chemical raw materials.
Glass Beach – California, USA
Glass Beach – California, USA
This place is amazing with its unusual beach. In the first half of the 20th century, on the territory where this beach is now located, there was a waste dump. In the 60s, the landfill was closed, and the garbage was left to itself. Mountains of broken glass, plastic and other things lay on the shore under the sun, washed by the sea.
As a result, by the 80s, they discovered that there was no trace of the landfill, and all the glass that was on the beach, under the influence of sea water, turned into multi-colored, translucent stones of amazing beauty. And since then tourists have been drawn to this beach, the place has become popular. There were even craftsmen who make all sorts of souvenirs from these smooth pieces of glass, which are well bought up by tourists who come to see the miracle of nature’s intervention in human affairs.
Self-propelled rocks of Racetrack Playa
Racetrack Playa Valley, California, USA
The mystery of the “self-propelled” stones of the Racetrack Playa Valley has long intrigued scientists: for no apparent reason, the stones set in motion, leaving a characteristic mark on the surface of the soil.
A dry lake, sometimes filled with water, is located in the northwestern part of the Death Valley National Park, California, USA. It is known for an interesting geological phenomenon – stones moving along the dried bottom.
The riddle was solved only in the 21st century. It turned out that the reason for this is the sharp changes in climate in the valley area. In summer the temperature reaches + 37 *C, in winter the valley is filled with a thin layer of water. The water freezes at night and melts during the day.
The alternation of freezing and thawing creates conditions that set the stones in motion. The wind sets the ice masses floating in the middle of the open water in motion, and these massifs carry the stones with them.
Different stones fall into the conditions under which they begin to move at different times and the ice moves in different directions, which explains the difference in the trajectories of the movement of stones.