Biblical Settlements (World Heritage)
The history of the three settlements in the Negev desert, like the approximately 200 other places, is closely linked to the Bible. The ruins document the long history of settlement in the region, which was an important link between Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Biblical Settlements: Facts
|Official title:||Biblical Settlements – Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba|
|Cultural monument:||Archaeological sites in Israel representing more than 200 Bible-related settlements; Ruins of palaces, city fortifications and water supply systems; Meggido: largest expansion in the Bronze Age (0.5 km²), monumental temple from this time and free-standing round altar with steps (diameter approx. 7 m), lower town inhabited until the time of Kings David and Solomon; Ivory carvings from the Late Bronze Age (12th century BC) and clay tablet fragments of the Gilgamesh epic (14th century BC), proto-aeolian pilaster capitals from the Iron Age, from the time of the kings Omri and Ahab in the 9th century. v. BC gate, casemate wall and palace; from the time of King Jeroboam II (8th century BC) large round grain silo and parts of the post-Bronze Age city wall; Beersheba:|
|Location:||Megiddo in Central Israel, Hazor in North Israel, Beersheba in South Israel|
|Meaning:||Extensive evidence of urban life in the Bronze and Iron Ages; Sites of exceptional religious importance|
The “White City” of Tel Aviv (World Heritage)
According to homosociety, the “White City” of Tel Aviv-Jaffa is the largest uniform ensemble of classical modern architecture in Israel, which was built between 1930 and 1948 according to plans by the Scottish city planner Sir Patrick Geddes. It combines different European architectural styles in a new cultural environment. The Bauhaus style was of particular importance.
The “White City” of Tel Aviv: Facts
|Official title:||The “White City” of Tel Aviv|
|Cultural monument:||Largest uniform ensemble of classical modern architecture from the early 1930s to 1948; 4,000 houses, many of them in the Bauhaus style; based on the plans of the British city planner Sir Patrick Geddes; Testimony to the embedding of Bauhaus architecture in a different cultural context by numerous architects who emigrated from various European countries|
|Meaning:||Unique example of the influence of the Bauhaus style and other representatives of modernism on urban architecture|
Masada Archaeological Site (World Heritage)
Masada is the national symbol of Israel’s will to resist. The rebellion of the Jews against the Romans ended here in AD 73 when the last rebels committed suicide in order not to fall into the hands of the occupiers. You can still see the huge ramp that was raised by the Romans to storm the fortress.
Masada Archaeological Site: Facts
|Official title:||Masada archaeological site|
|Cultural monument:||Former Jewish fortress, located on a summit plateau with steep rocky slopes; between 40 BC BC and 30th BC Built by King Herod I in the classical style of the Roman Empire|
|Location:||Masada, at the southwest end of the Dead Sea|
|Meaning:||Symbol for the Jewish resistance against the Roman occupiers in the 1st century AD.|
Old City of Akko (World Heritage)
Akko has been a major Mediterranean port in Palestine since ancient times. In the Middle Ages it was the last bastion of the crusaders. They surrounded the city with huge fortifications. Nevertheless, Akko was conquered by the Muslims in 1291. Numerous relics from this period are still completely preserved under the buildings that were built over the older development over time. This also includes the former headquarters of the Order of St. John.
Old City of Akko: Facts
|Official title:||Old City of Akko|
|Cultural monument:||The most important Mediterranean port in Palestine from ancient times to the 19th century; enclosed by huge walls with numerous historical buildings; underground medieval crusader town (1104 to 1291) with a series of vaults, once the headquarters of the Order of St. John; Al-Jazzar mosque with a green dome and narrow minaret in the style of the Turkish Rococo|
|Location:||Akko, on a headland on the northern coast of Haifa Bay|
|Meaning:||Exceptional evidence of the former crusader empire|
Incense Route and Desert Cities in the Negev (World Heritage)
The Negev, the desert-like southern part of Israel, was an important transit area for long-distance trade. The trade routes of the legendary Frankincense Route, on which the precious goods were brought from the Arabian Peninsula to the Mediterranean, ran here. The four trading cities of the Nabataeans, which played a prominent role in the incense trade: Haluza, Mamshit, Avdat and Shivta are also part of the world heritage.
Incense Route and Desert Cities in the Negev: Facts
|Official title:||Incense Route and desert cities in the Negev|
|Cultural monument:||Old trade route (probably since the middle of the 3rd century BC) on the Arabian Peninsula, from the “Frankincense Land” in the south further at the foot of the highland rise to the west, then to Petra (in present-day Jordan) and from there to the ancient ports of the Mediterranean; Transport of frankincense, gold and myrrh north, and fabrics, works of art and implements made of iron to the south; Loss of meaning in early Islamic times; World heritage with a section through the Negev desert in southern Israel with adjacent towns, defenses and rest stops|
|Location:||Places Haluza, Mamshit, Avdat, Shivta in southern Israel|
|Meaning:||Unique testimony to the economic, social and cultural importance of the spice trade|