Historical bazaar in Tabriz (World Heritage)
The city of Tabriz on the Silk Road has been a place of cultural exchange since ancient times. The focus: the historical bazaar. It consists of covered buildings that are connected to each other. He achieved his greatest fame from the 13th to the end of the 18th century. Today the bazaar is a testimony to traditional trade in Iran.
Historical bazaar in Tabriz: facts
|Official title:||Historical bazaar in Tabriz|
|Cultural monument:||Centuries-old, architecturally impressive large bazaar with many seraglio in Tabriz, center of northwestern Iranian carpet production; complex building structure, not only for commercial and industrial functions, but also as a place of religious activities and educational institutions; social, political and cultural meeting point and integrated place of urban coexistence; Tabriz in the second half of the 13th century. Capital of Iran; most glamorous metropolis in the Middle East due to the support of Ghazan (1295-1304); due to the threat from the Ottomans in the first half of the 16th century, the capital was relocated to the interior by the Safavids; Around 1900 the most dynamic trading center in Iran and the most important transshipment point for trade with Europe|
|Country:||Iran; According to itypejob, Iran is a country in Middle East.|
|Location:||Tabriz, northwest Iran|
|Meaning:||Unique example of a bazaar as a socio-economic economic and life complex; Centuries-old junction of east-west trade; outstanding, complex architectural testimony to an urban lifestyle and an expression of civilized prosperity|
Ensemble Sheikh Safi ad-Din Khanegah (World Heritage)
The current ensemble dates from the early 16th to the late 18th century. Its original center is the mausoleum for Safi ad-Din (1252-1334), the founder of the Sufi brotherhood of the Safavids. The building complex also includes a library, a mosque and a school.
Ensemble Sheikh Safi ad-Din Khanegah: Facts
|Official title:||Ensemble Sheikh Safi ad-Din Khanegah in Ardabil|
|Cultural monument:||Building and functional complex from the 16th to 18th centuries with library, mosque, school, hospital, baths, kitchens etc. as well as the mausoleum of Sheikh Safi ad-Din (1252-1334, born in Ardebil), founder of a (initially Sunni) Sufi order; The heyday of Ardabil in northwestern Iran under the Safavid dynasty (1501-1722), allegedly founded by the Sassanid ruler Peroz (457-484), destroyed by the Mongols in 1220 and later rebuilt; Way to the shrine of Safi ad-Din in the ensemble divided into seven sections, according to the levels of Sufit mysticism, separated by eight gates for the eight characteristics of Sufism; rich ornamentation and architectural design with strong religious significance; Influences of the Ilkhanid and Timurid culture visible; Place of pilgrimage for the Iranian Shiites|
|Location:||Ardabil, northwest Iran|
|Meaning:||Outstanding monument of the Sufi faith with outstanding architecture and furnishings; unique combination of spiritual, functional and aesthetic aspects in a harmonious work of art|
Shushar hydraulic system (World Heritage)
The ancient irrigation system consists of dams, canals, watermills and bridges. It was set up for land reclamation and for irrigation of the fields and orchards and has been in existence since the 3rd century BC. In operation.
Shushar hydraulic system: facts
|Official title:||Historical Shushar hydraulic system – bridges, dams, canals, buildings and water mills|
|Cultural monument:||On the 5th century BC Extraordinarily complex and extensive water supply system for the ancient city of Shushar in today’s Iran; in the 3rd century AD, diversion of the Karun River into a ring-shaped, moat-like enclosure of the city and into underground channels to supply households and water mills; extensive system of bridges, dams and basins for the distribution of water, also for transport and defense purposes as well as for fish farming; in a plain south of the city agricultural irrigation of a desert-like area of 400 km²; Traces of Elamite, Mesopotamian, Nabataean and Roman influences; already treated as a “wonder of the world” by the Persians and the Arab Empire|
|Location:||Shushar, Khusistan Province, southwest Iran|
|Meaning:||Early masterpiece of the art of irrigation; unique and innovative constructions as well as extensive supply systems; unique testimony to the intercultural exchange of irrigation techniques over centuries|
Armenian monasteries in Iran (world heritage)
The monasteries of St. Thaddäus and St. Stephanos as well as the chapel of Dzordzor from the 7th to 9th centuries are among the outstanding testimonies of Armenian culture in the former Armenian province of Vaspurakan. They are among the oldest Christian monasteries in the world and have been important places of pilgrimage for centuries.
Armenian monastery complexes in Iran: facts
|Official title:||Armenian monasteries in Iran|
|Cultural monument:||Armenian monasteries in northwestern Iran (monasteries of St. Thaddäus and St. Stephanos as well as the Lady Chapel of Dzordzor); important pilgrimage and religious sites of the Armenians for centuries; Evidence of the Christian tradition of Armenia (state religion under Tiridates III since presumably 301); The oldest monastery of St. Thaddäus from the 7th century, St. Stephanos built from the 9th century, Lady Chapel of Dzordzor in the 9th / 10th. Century; St. Thaddäus located on a 2,200 m high ridge with a massive church building, two pointed towers and several chapels in the area; repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt by wars and earthquakes; according to legend, founded by the apostle Thaddäus, missionary to Armenia; St. Stephanos in the side valley of the Araxes River with a steel-supported bell tower; Lady Chapel of Dzordzor with dome, near St.|
|Location:||20 km south of Makou and 15 km west of Joulfa, West Azerbaijan Province, Northern Iran|
|Meaning:||Well-preserved evidence of Christian religion and culture that is more than a thousand years old; outstanding examples of Armenian architectural tradition; Expression of Armenian religious life still alive today; Documents of the spread of Armenian culture and the absorption of Byzantine, Orthodox and Persian influences; last significant places of Christian Armenian culture in the Iranian Azerbaijan region|